Proverbs 22:12

The eyes of the LORD preserve knowledge, and he overthroweth the words of the transgressor.
– Proverbs 22:12

The phrase, eyes of the Lord, is used in Proverbs to refer to God’s sovereign and complete knowledge of the doings of man (Proverbs 5:21; 15:3). God’s omniscient observation is inescapable. The word for preserve means guard, or watch. The word for knowledge means perception, or understanding. The contrast with the second phrase gives us the sense of truth for knowledge. The open, searching eyes of Yahweh sees the doings of man and preserves the truth, or right record, of events. The first phrase hints to Yahweh as judge and the second phrase makes that clear. The word for transgressor means treacherous, or deceitful. Such falsehood will be overthrown, or destroyed, by the truth. The eyes of Yahweh not only see a man’s actions, but his thoughts and intentions in them as well (Proverbs 15:11; 16:2; 17:3; 21:2).

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Proverbs 13:15

Good understanding giveth favor: but the way of transgressors is hard.
– Proverbs 13:15

The word for understanding means prudence. The first phrase someone with good sense, who has good judgment. They also give good counsel and do good work and hence earn favor (Proverbs 3:4; 14:35). The word for hard means rough and indicates the contrast for transgressors is a loss of favor. Their way is difficult (Proverbs 4:19).

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